La Pomme de Terre
Situation sur le marché
Mise à jour – Mai 2017: Il n’y aura pas de plantations commerciales de pommes de terre génétiquement modifiées (GM ou génétiquement modifiées) au Canada en 2017 en raison du rejet du marché. La pomme de terre GM a été approuvée au Canada en mars 2016. La société Simplot affirme qu’elle a simplement mis la pomme de terre GM sur ‘’la glace’’ jusqu’à ce que le marché soit prêt.
La pomme de terre GM est cultivée aux États-Unis (les derniers chiffres montrent qu’uniquement une petite quantité – 400 acres – de pommes de terre GM a été cultivée aux États-Unis en 2015.)
Pomme de terre GM approuvée au Canada
Mars 2016 : Le gouvernement canadien a approuvé une pomme de terre génétiquement modifiée (GM), l’Innate, produite par l’entreprise Simplot. Simplot déclare que sa pomme de terre génétiquement modifiée (GM ou transgénique) résiste aux meurtrissures et a une teneur réduite en asparagine, un acide aminé qui réagit avec certains glucides pour s’oxyder en acrylamide – possiblement carcinogène – à une température d’environ 120 F (49 C), surtout en grande friture. La pomme de terre GM a été approuvée par les É.-U. en novembre 2014.
En 2001, Monsanto a retiré sa pomme de terre GM résistant aux insectes du marché au Canada et aux É.-U.
Will this GM potato be labelled in stores?
- Contact your Member of Parliament to ask for mandatory labelling of all GM foods. Check for your MP’s contacts using your postal code at www.parl.gc.ca
Will this GM potato make it to market?
- Ask McDonalds 1-888-424-4622
- Ask McCain (Frozen French Fries) email@example.com
January 2014: Europe’s second-highest court on Friday overturned a decision by the European Commission to allow the cultivation and sale of a genetically modified potato developed by German chemicals group BASF. The General Court of the European Union said the Commission had failed to follow the bloc’s rules when approving the Amflora potato, which was genetically modified to produce extra starch for use in the paper industry. The Commission first proposed the cultivation and sale of Amflora in 2007, following a positive scientific assessment by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Following the failure of EU government ministers and officials to approve or reject the proposal, the Commission exercised its power to grant approval unilaterally in 2010.
January 2013: Indigenous peoples in the Peruvian Andes are outraged at the announcement of the « release » of a Genetically Modified Potato by researchers at a public university in central Peru; this in spite of a 2012 law and regulations by the Peruvian Government which establish a 10 year GMO moratorium in Peru.
January 2013: BASF, the largest chemical company in the world, will no longer seek European approval of its genetically modified potatoes (for starch production) because of stiff (hehe – starch pun) resistance: « continued investment cannot be justified due to uncertainty in the regulatory environment and threats [over the destruction of crops]. »
July 2012: Ireland’s Environmental Protection Agency has given consent to the Department of Agriculture’s research arm, Teagasc, to carry out field trials on a genetically modified potato that could improve resistance to blight. The trial is to be carried out over the next four years, at Oak Park in Co Carlow, on an area up to two hectares.
January 2012: BASF announced that it is moving its GMOs out of Europe. It is moving its headquarters from Germany to the US. In 2010, BASF received European Union permission for cultivation of its GM potato called Amflora, to be used for industrial starch production, not food. However in 2011, BASF said it planned to cultivate just two hectares of the GM potato in Germany and 15 hectares in Sweden. Analysis from Ignacio Chapela: « Clearly put: one of the largest among the few who banked on the GMO route to do agriculture is giving up in its own home turf, defeated by public opposition to its products which evidently do not live up to expectations. » The world is squeezing GM back to North America, where resistance is strong and growing.
March 2010: German chemical giant BASF has won approval from the European Commission for commercial growing of a GM starchy potato for production into potato starch for industrial use. Once the starch has been removed, the skins can also be fed to livestock. Farms in Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands and the Czech Republic may plant the potato. BASF fought a 13-year battle to win approval for the GM potato called « Amflora ». « Not only are we against this decision, but we want to underscore that we will not allow the questioning of member states’ sovereignty on this matter, » said Italy’s Agriculture Minister, Luca Zaia. Austria said it would ban cultivation of the potato within its borders, while France said it would ask an expert panel for further research.
Peru, the world’s potato centre of diversity bans GE: In June 2010, the Peruvian Congress announced a ten year moratorium on the cultivation of GE crops. In 2007, the Cusco region in Peru declared a ban on the growing, sale, use and transport of genetically engineered potatoes in recognition of the historical, cultural, social and economic importance of the potato to the region. The Andean region, which includes Peru, is the center of origin for the potato.
Victory for the Potato in South Africa! October 2009: South Africa’s GM body, the Executive Council (EC), has rejected attempts by the Agriculture Research Council (ARC) to bring GM potatoes onto the market. The EC cited no less than 11 biosafety and socioeconomic and agronomic concerns for rejecting ARC’s commercial release application. Its five year field trial programme has chewed up considerable public funds as well as having been bankrolled by USAID and Michigan State University. Click here to read the letter from CBAN to the South African goverment, Aug 29, 2008.
Monsanto withdrew its GE Potatoes in North America 2001: Monsanto’s genetically engineered insect resistant (Bt) potatoes were approved in Canada back in 1996 but consumers rejected them and they are no longer sold anywhere in the world. Click here for the full story of what happened to Monsanto’s potatoes in Canada.